Two excellent late goals from Koke and Saul sealed the victory for Atletico after the game ended 2-2 in normal time.
It was Real’s first match since Ronaldo signed for Juventus for £99m in the summer and Zidane was replaced as manager by former Spain coach Julen Lopetegui.
Real Madrid began life without Cristiano Ronaldo and Zinedine Zidane with defeat in the first ever Uefa Super Cup derby as Atletico Madrid scored twice in extra time.
Koke’s smart finish and Saul’s sensational 16-yard volley in extra time helped Europa League holders Atletico win their third Super Cup in as many appearances.
Diego Costa also scored twice in normal time, thumping in the opener after 49 seconds and tapping in another after the interval.
Gareth Bale had set up Karim Benzema with a header at the back post for Real’s first and captain Sergio Ramos slotted home a penalty for a 2-1 lead after Juanfran was penalised for handball.
Full-back Marcelo squandered an excellent chance to score the winner for Real with an overhead kick in the final seconds of normal time as back-to-back Champions League winners Real were looking to become the first side to win three Super Cups in successive seasons.
It was the fourth time in the past five years that the Super Cup was contested by two Spanish sides – but the first with both teams from the same city.
Life without Ronaldo
While Real Madrid are adjusting to life without Ronaldo, it was Atletico who provided the late heroics familiarly associated with their recently departed striker.
The club’s failure to sign a direct replacement as of yet will remain a concern for fans following this defeat but there was still plenty of encouragement in Real’s remaining attacking options.
Marco Asensio and Bale are two players who will hope to benefit from Ronaldo’s exit and both started on opposite flanks, often switching and cutting inside to link-up with Benzema.
Bale’s pace and pinpoint cross from the right teed up Benzema’s equalising goal and the Welshman’s fizzing strike had Jan Oblak scrambling in the first half.
Asensio came close to scoring too when his audacious flick was superbly parried by the Slovenian keeper before a bending effort bounced wide of the right post.
And Benzema seemed to embrace taking a lead role in the centre of attack – his goal capping off a strong performance.
Leaky at the back – the best of the stats
- Atletico Madrid are the first Europa League winners to go on to win the Uefa Super Cup since they did so against Chelsea in 2012.
- Real Madrid conceded four or more goals in a game for the first time since November 2015 against Barcelona in La Liga under Rafael Benitez – never doing so under Zidane.
- Lopetegui is the first Real Madrid manager to concede four or more goals in his first competitive game in charge since Michael Keeping against Celta Vigo in February 1948.
- Costa’s opening goal for Atletico Madrid in the first minute of play is the fastest goal ever to be scored in the UEFA Super Cup (0:49).
- He scored his first brace in club competition since returning to Atletico Madrid, last doing so for Chelsea against Southampton in the Premier League in April 2017.
- Real Madrid’s Benzema scored against Atletico Madrid for the first time since October 2015 in a La Liga match – he had gone eight games without finding the net against them.
- Ramos has now scored five goals against Atletico Madrid – only against Sevilla (six) has he scored more for Real Madrid. All five goals were scored in cup competitions.
Source: BBC News